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The History Of Coffee In 6.5 Minutes

Since the Boston Tea Party, Americans have been crazy for coffee, choosing it as their caffeine fix. But obviously that’s not the origin of java. Naturally, the history of coffee goes back much earlier.

A video clip that goes back to the very first cup of coffee ever made and sipped, and afterwards it traces the spread of coffee all over the world. All of us heard the Ethiopian legend which claims the goat herder Kaldi uncovered the potential of the coffee beans. However what happened after that?

So get out your Chemex, grind some beans, boil some water, and sit down to watch this history of coffee with a cup of your own.

Full story - the history of coffee

According to the legend, the energizing effects of the coffee bean were first discovered by a goat herdsman called Kaldi, that lived on the Ethiopian plateau way back during the 9th century.

Kaldi saw that after some of his heard had foraged on the bright red cherry of the coffee plant they seemed to have limitless energy, certainly more than the rest of his animals. As the story goes, this left them too stimulated to drop off to sleep during the night, as their bundles of power had them bounding all over the place.

A brief history

After Kaldi discovered how " playful" his goats became after consuming the coffee berries, he went to the regional monastery to let the monks know. A monk created a mixture from the berries and was able to keep up much later praying.

News of this brand-new mixture spread right into Egypt and into the Arabian peninsula, where coffee traveled east and west, lastly landing in southeast Asia and the Americas. And it's been popular ever since.

But if we are to consider facts only, and not tales, the earliest corroborated proof of either coffee drinking or knowledge of the coffee tree is from the early 15th century, in the Sufi abbeys of Yemen, spreading out soon to Mecca and Medina. By the 16th century, it had actually reached the rest of the Middle East, South India (Karnataka), Persia, Turkey, the Horn of Africa, and northern Africa. Coffee then infected the Balkans, Italy, and to the remainder of Europe, as well as Southeast Asia and in spite of the bans imposed throughout the 15th century by religious leaders in Capital and Cairo, and later on by the Catholic Church.

Etymology

It turns out the word "coffee" originate from Arabic. The word got in the English language in 1582 via the Dutch koffie, borrowed from the Ottoman Turkish kahve, consequently borrowed from the Arabic qahwah.

There is an even more interesting hypothesis of the beginning of the word, which you can check out on Wikipedia here.

Modern Coffee History

The contemporary times race for convenience and efficiency recognized that people are "losing" too much time brewing coffee. This is how instant coffee was invented. David Strang, a New Zealander developed it in 1889. Freeze-dried coffee was created in 1938.

Decaffeinated coffee was created by Ludwig Roselius in 1903, filling a demand for individuals who are hypersensitive to high levels of caffeine.

The coffee filter, the base of the most popular coffee developing method, the drip coffee, was created by Melitta Bentz in 1908.

Achille Gaggia developed the contemporary espresso maker in 1946. The initial pump-driven espresso equipment was made in 1960.

Today coffee is still among the world's most preferred drinks. Brazil is still the globe's largest producer of coffee.